HNU | Applied Research – Resistance model for modelling modal shifts in freight traffic (WMVG)
Modern economies need a strong transport sector, as the division of labour and value creation requires mobility on the part of goods and people (Federal Statistical Office, 2006). Although the transport sector has grown steadily over the twenty years since reunification in 1991, the share of the inland waterways and rail in transport volumes has stagnated or fallen off slightly, whereas the share of trucks is steadily rising (Federal Statistical Office, Verkehr im Überblick: Fachserie 8 Reihe 1.2, 2011). Yet a shift from trucks to trains or inland waterways is one of the greatest potential means of reducing CO2 and particle emissions from container-based freight transport.
This research project aims to investigate the influencing or resistance factors impacting decisions as to the type of container transport – by truck, inland waterway or rail – in shipments from the dispatcher to the recipient. These findings will form the input parameters of a transport mode model which will be used to analyse container-based road freight transport under changing framework conditions.
Changes to these resistance factors (such as rising fuel prices, faster rail connections, simpler network access, etc.) can be taken into account by varying the input parameters in the model. By comparing the resulting capacity uses of the transport network, it should be possible to identify the effects of resistance factors in shifting capacity from one mode of transport to another. For example, in this research project we will be investigating what proportion of container-based road freight traffic in the Danube corridor (TEN corridor 17) could be transferred to the inland waterways and rail and under which conditions. The methodology used in this research project to elicit information and outcomes can serve shippers, shipping agents and freight transport operators, as well as public bodies as a basis for the strategic planning of transport links along the Danube corridor.
Project manager: Professor Dr. Oliver Kunze, Professor Dr. Oliver Kunze, Centre for Logistics in cooperation with regional companies, the Swabia Chambers of Trade and Industry and the University of Hamburg
Running time: 2010 to 2013
Funding by the State Ministry of Science, Research and Art of the Free State of Bavaria